Modify a brand

A trademark is registered for 10 years, and is indefinitely renewable. The owner may therefore be regularly tempted to modify his trademark according to the evolution of his situation, his activity... Can a registered trademark be modified? What can be modified? What can never be modified? Is it always necessary to notify the INPI?

What can be modified on a brand

Change of trademark ownership

The name of the holder can always be changed, in particular in the following cases :

  • trademark assignment the trademark has been transferred to a third party who is the new owner. For more information, read our article on this subject.
  • regularization of a registered trademark on behalf of a company in the process of formation : Sometimes the trademark is registered by an individual whose company has not yet been established. The filing has been made in the name of the company in the process of formation, and it must then be regularized so that the trademark officially passes to the name of the company, once it has been registered with the SCR.

In both cases, a registration at theINPI est obligatoire pour porter le changement à la connaissance des tiers, et ainsi le leur rendre opposable. Certaines inscriptions sont payantes.

Change of address of the cardholder

En cas de changement d’adresse, il est possible d’en informer l’INPI. C’est même recommandé si votre marque n’a pas été déposée par l’intermédiaire d’un mandataire. Il s’agit notamment de permettre à l’INPI d’envoyer les courriers concernant votre marque à la bonne adresse, en particulier le rappel de renouvellement.

Informing the INPI of your change of address is also useful to inform third parties, so that they can contact you if necessary: complaints, proposal to buy back your trademark...

Change of agent

Il est toujours possible de renseigner un nouveau mandataire pour la marque. Il s’agit de la personne, distincte du titulaire, à qui seront adressées les communications de l’INPI. En règle générale, les changements de mandataire se font à l’occasion d’une opération réalisée sur la marque (inscription, renouvellement…).

Restriction of wording

It is possible at any time during the life of the trademark to delete classes of goods and services within the wording of the trademark, or simply goods or services within a class.

La suppression de classe intervient souvent soit à cause d’une action d’un tiers, soit au moment du renouvellement afin de payer moins de taxes. En effet, il n’est pas rare qu’une marque soit déposée dans plusieurs classes, mais qu’au bout de 10 ans le titulaire constate qu’elle n’est pas utilisée dans toutes les classes déposées. Il peut alors décider de renouveler partiellement, et de supprimer les classes non-utilisées. Il pourra ainsi économiser sur le montant des taxes de renouvellement (en 2022: 290 € pour 1 classe + 40 € par classe supplémentaire).

There are two ways to reduce the wording of a mark:

  • in the event of action by a third party, by withdrawal or partial renunciation
  • in the context of a renewal, indicating only the classes you wish to keep

What can never be changed in a brand

The brand name

The brand name can never be changed. It is therefore not possible to delete a mention, or to add a term or punctuation. If the use of your trademark is different from the trademark as filed, it is preferable to file a new application.

Similarly, if your name mark is refused for failure to distinctivitys, it is not possible to add a logo, for example, to overcome the objection. It will be necessary to re-register a new trademark.

The logo

Like the brand name, the logo cannot be modified after filing, whether it is a change of colour, calligraphy or even a minor alteration. Again, to protect the logo in its new form, the only solution is to file a new application.

Extension of the wording

It is also not possible to add classes of goods or services after filing. It is also not possible to add goods or services to already existing classes. Again, this requires a new filing. It should be noted that it is entirely possible for a trademark owner to refile a trademark that is strictly identical to a trademark he has already filed for new goods or services.

To remember : It is impossible to modify a brand by changing one of its essential elements (name, logo, extension of the wording). It is therefore very important, from the moment of filing, to make sure that the trademark you wish to register is registrable and to draft an appropriate wording that will protect it in the long term. To do so, the use of a Industrial Property Attorney is still the best choice!